报告题目：Varieties of urban entrepreneurialism
主 讲 人：Nicholas Phelps教授 墨尔本大学
We revisit the concept of urban entrepreneurialism to highlight some of its variety. In particular, the present article refocuses discussion on: processes of innovation, bringing geography into dialogue with the literature on innovation in public services; normative questions surrounding the ends to which urban entrepreneurship is turned; and the need for analysis to go beyond the territorial traps of the nation and the city to consider how urban entrepreneurialism articulates with the national state and is projected internationally. We distinguish urban managerialism from the new urban managerialism, urban diplomacy, urban intrapreneurialism and urban speculation, drawing on international examples to highlight the mixed qualities and effects of these varieties of urban entrepreneurialism. In conclusion, we note the limitations of our framework and its relationship to the related ideas of neo-liberalization, financialization and accumulation by dispossession.
Nicholas Phelps is Professor and Chair of Urban Planning in the Melbourne School of Design, Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning. He was previously Professor of Urban and Regional Development in the Bartlett School of Planning and Pro Vice Provost Regional (Southeast Asia) at University College London. He currently sits on the editorial boards of Economic Geography and Journal of Economy Geography.
His research and teaching interests cover the planning and politics of suburbanization, the economics of urban agglomeration, international planning, entrepreneurship, informality and economic development, and the economic geography of multinational enterprises and foreign direct investment, with research funded by the British Academy, the UK Economic and Social Research Council, National Geographic, The Leverhulme Trust, the Royal Town Planning Institute and Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors among others. He is author of over 80 international peer reviewed journal articles, five books including Interplaces (OUP), An Anatomy of Sprawl (Routledge), Sequel to Suburbia (MIT Press) and Post-Suburban Europe (Palgrave-MacMillan). He is also editor of five books.